The role of family dynamics and culture in the psychological ownership of family shareholders in family businesses

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to understand the role of family dynamics and culture in the development of psychological ownership of family shareholders. A qualitative and exploratory approach was used based on the study of 14 cases of Colombian shareholders and 5 cases of Finnish shareholders. The results show that family dynamics create opportunities to a) align expectations of the family concerning the business; b) improve communication between family members; c) consolidate common values in the family; and d), promote identification with the company. These opportunities foster the intention that family shareholders have to exercise control over the company, invest more time in it and, therefore, obtain a better understanding of it, which promotes the development of psychological ownership. When the two contexts were compared, it was found that the level of collectivism and individualism in each culture permeates the opportunities generated by family dynamics. In this sense, similarities were found regarding the alignment of expectations, communication, and interaction between family members, and identification with the company. On the other hand, it was observed that the dynamics that promote identification with the company through parents’ messages and the handling of different opinions generate a favorable environment that encourages psychological ownership in the Colombian case, but not in the Finnish one.

Authors

  • María Piedad López Vergara Universidad de La Sabana
  • Isabel C. Botero Laverde University of Louisville
  • Diógenes Lagos Cortés Universidad de La Sabana

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Author Biographies


, Universidad de La Sabana

Professor, General Management Department, INALDE Business School, Universidad de La Sabana, Chía, Colombia. Political Scientist, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Doctor in Economics and Business Administration, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.


, University of Louisville

Associate Professor and Director, Family Business Center, University of Louisville, Kentucky, USA. Social communicator and journalist, Universidad de Antioquia, Colombia, Doctor in Communication, Michigan State University, USA.


, Universidad de La Sabana

Researcher, INALDE Business School, Universidad de La Sabana, Chía, Colombia. Business administrator, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia, Doctor in Administrative Sciences, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina.

Published
2021-02-13
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How to Cite
López Vergara, M. P. ., Botero Laverde, I. C., & Lagos Cortés, D. (2021). The role of family dynamics and culture in the psychological ownership of family shareholders in family businesses. Cuadernos De Administración, 36(68), 138-151. https://doi.org/10.25100/cdea.v36i68.9786
Section
Research