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Migrants face inequalities that prevent them from having the same opportunities in the labour market as native-born people, to which are added gender, race and nationality discrimination. This research analyses the wage discrimination of South American immigrants, taking as a reference group the native population classified as on-Hispanic whites and Afro-Americans, by gender, in the US context. Data from the 2019 Current Population Survey (CPS) were used, applying a decomposition of Oaxaca (1973) and Blinder (1973), as well as theoretical aspects of gender, nationality and race discrimination that affect wage inequalities. Thus, wage disparity was found in the female population of all population groups compared to their male counterparts, which is not consistent with their higher average educational attainment, something that could be explained, among other things, by unequal treatment in the labour market. In addition, the South American population group has a smaller wage gap than the Afro-American population group, which is due to a greater extent to discriminatory treatment. Finally, there is greater labour discrimination against the most vulnerable groups such as women, South American migrants and Afro-Americans.

Elsy L. Rosero-Ceballos, Universidad del Cauca

Occasional full-time professor, Department of Economics, Faculty of Accounting, Economics and Administrative Sciences, Universidad del Cauca, Popayán, Colombia. Economist, Universidad del Cauca, Popayán, Colombia, Master in Applied Economics, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, Tijuana, Mexico, Researcher of the Entropía Research Group, Universidad del Cauca, Colombia.

Paula A. Meneses-Medina, Universidad del Cauca

Researcher and Member, Gender and Society, Education, Conflict Research Group GEDCO, Universidad del Cauca, Popayán, Colombia. Economist, Universidad del Cauca, Colombia, Erasmus Mundus Master in Women’s and Gender Studies, Universidad de Oviedo, Spain and University of York, York, United Kingdom, Researcher and Member Accounting, Economic and Administrative Research Group -GICEA, Universidad del Cauca, Popayán, Colombia.

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