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This work aims to provide knowledge of efficiency; hence, it was proposed to assess the relative efficiency from a perspective of Data Envelopment Analysis in the Universities of Ecuador. A cross-sectional retrospective proposal was carried out, a data envelopment analysis was used as a reference, and a non-parametric technique allowed to measure the relative efficiency of decision-making units or DMUs. The CCR-O model revealed that 16 DMUs were efficient, whereas 20 DMUs were efficient under the BCC-O model, standing out both universities, Escuela Politécnica del Ejército and Litoral. Following the Bootstrap scale, 16 DMUs of the CCR-O model and 20 DMUs of the BCC-O reached Pure Technical Efficiency. Those units were found above the efficient frontier. The CCR-O model showed that 38 DMUs were inefficient within the inefficiency score, similar to the BCC-O model showing 34 inefficient DMUs. When comparing the real and specific values of Teaching-Research-Management, the inefficient DMUs obtained 33.33%. This input variable did not show a significant effect on the efficiency measures. While the inefficient DMUs reached 61.11% in Teaching-Research, 55.55% in Teaching, and 48.14% in Teaching-Management. Therefore, based on their real values, the units were over-endowed with parameters in their results. This work was designed following the output-oriented DEA–BCC model with performance to scale. This approach helped measure the performance of universities. However, its overall scope may misinterpret the real technical efficiency that depends on the universities' resources.

Juan Castro, Universidad Técnica de Ambato

Juan Carlos Castro Analuiza1, Teacher-Researcher, Department of Marketing, Faculty of Management, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ambato-Ecuador, Commercial Engineer, Doctor of Business Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid-España. e-mail: juanccastro@uta.edu.ec, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5371-9727

Edith Elena Tubón Núñez, Universidad Técnica de Ambato

Edith Elena Tubón Núñez2, Teacher, Departament of   Engineering, Faculty of Systems, Electronics and Industry, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ambato-Ecuador, Food Engineer, Master in Business Management, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ambato-Ecuador, e-mail:  ee.tubon@uta.edu.ec, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8094-6207

Hernán Mauricio Quisimalín Santamaría, Universidad Técnica de Ambato

 Hernán Mauricio Quisimalín Santamaría3, Teacher -Researcher, Department of Marketing, Faculty of Management, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ambato-Ecuador, Agricultural Engineer, Doctor of Business Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid-España, e-mail: hernanmquisimalin@uta.edu.ec, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8491-8326;

María Dolores Guamán Guevara, Universidad Técnica de Ambato

María Dolores Guamán Guevara4, Teacher, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ambato-Ecuador, Engineer in Business Administration, Master in Management and Business Administration, Universidad de Chile, Santiago de Chile-Chile, e-mail:  md.guaman@uta.edu.ec, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4771-6412.

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